Let’s face it, while we all want picture perfect model skin, everyone has a different skin type.  Do you know your skin type? You may be dry, oily or a combination of the two. You may also have sensitive skin.  Understanding your skin type is particularly important when choosing skin care products.

Once you have determined your skin type, you can then choose a cleanser, toner, and moisture product best for you.  If you are unsure of your skin type, visit your aesthetician for a consultation. After choosing the basics, you can add scrubs (exfoliants), masks, serums, and eye creams, that also target issues or corrective measures that you want to take.  Whether it’s anti-aging, fine lines and wrinkles, skin tone or texture, sun damage, or even troublesome breakouts or acne, you can combine different products to help you achieve your skin care goals.

To make sure you are using products designed for your skin type, be sure you understand the ingredients in the products you are choosing.  Check with your aesthetician or dermatologist to see which ingredients are best suited for your wants and needs. Be sure to check the packaging and read labels to ensure the products contain the correct ingredients.  

When choosing a cleanser, toner and moisturizer for your skin

If you have dry or dehydrated skin you want to go with a cleanser that is hydrating for your skin.  This could be a cream cleanser that can be massaged onto the skin and removed with a damp towel or cleansing cloth.  Or a foaming, hydrating gel cleanser that is massaged onto the skin and simply rinsed with water. Look for ingredients like orange peel oil, safflower oil, or lactic acid.  When it comes to toner choose something with similar ingredients that will be conditioning for the skin. Choose moisturizers with shea butter, squalane, or jojoba oil to help restore hydration and prevent further dryness.

For oily or acne prone skin you want to choose something with a beta hydroxy acid (also known as salicylic acid) this helps eliminate oils and debri from the skin in order to help with the overproduction of oil and other pore clogging agents that cause blackhead, whiteheads and breakouts.  Niacinamide and azelaic acid are other acne fighting ingredients to look for. For toners, you want to go with something that has similar ingredients especially salicylic acid. This will serve as both an anti-inflammatory and an anti-bacterial step to your skincare regimen. Sometimes oily skin doesn’t always need moisturizer, but when choosing one, you want to look for something that is oil free.  Look for something that is a lotion or a hydrating gel as opposed to a creme which could be pore clogging and heavy on your skin.

If you have combination skin you want to use something that is purifying that won’t strip your skin.  Choose something with citric acid or a lower concentration of salicylic acid. Toners for combination skin can be light, choose something with witch hazel, or citric acid.  Reach for something light when it comes to moisturizer.  Hyaluronic acid is a great choice for combination skin.  This helps hold moisture and also aids in combating fine lines and wrinkles.

When adding additional products to your skin care regimen like serums, it’s important to know why you are buying them.  Here are some ingredients that you may look for to help with certain conditions:

  • Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) – (glycolic, lactic, citric, malic, and mandelic acids) aid in exfoliating the skin and help with fine lines, irregular pigmentation, age spots and enlarged pores
  • Beta-hydroxy acid – also called salicylic acid; works to exfoliate skin, helps improve acne and texture and color of skin
  • Hydroquinone – used to lighten age spots or dark spots
  • Kojic acid – also used to lighten age spots or dark spots
  • Retinol – improves fine lines, wrinkles, texture, tone and color
  • Hyaluronic acid – used to treat wrinkles and sun-damaged skin

When looking for skin care products, be aware of marketing claims. Manufacturers often make broad claims or have clever and aesthetically pleasing packaging. Read the label to make sure the ingredients are what you need for your skin.  Also know that while over the counter products that you find in grocery stores and drug stores will not be as potent or as effective as those that you will find in a med spa, spa, or doctor’s office. The higher concentration of ingredients, the greater the efficacy of the product.  Keep in mind that this will also give better and faster results.

Schedule a consultation at Let’s Face It! Aesthtics to determine your skin type and discuss what products would best suit you.